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Fundamentals of Dyeing Basic Terminologies used in Textile Processing

Fundamentals of Dyeing: Basic Terminologies used in Textile Processing

1. DYE AFFINITY It can be defined as the attraction of the dye to the fibre or the tendency of the dye to go on the fibre on its own without any...
Cotton from Filed to Fashion

Overview: Cotton from Field to Fashion

Cotton remains the most miraculous fiber even after 8,000 years. No other fiber comes close to duplicating all of the desirable characteristics combined in cotton. The fiber of a thousand faces...
Sericulture Silk worm breeding

SERICULTURE: A Brief about Silk and its Cultivation

"SILK" is a Natural Protein fibre. Silk is produced by several insects, but generally only the silk of moth (Bombyx Mori) caterpillars has been used for textile manufacturing. The silk worm isn't really a...
Chemistry of Sizing of Warp yarns

Sizing Agents: Chemistry behind Sizing of Warp yarns and Methods of Desizing

Movement of the warp yarn through the heddles and mechanical actions during insertion of filling creates a great deal of frictional and abrasive stresses on these yarns. If left unprotected, the...
Method & Calculations for Preparation of Chemical Solutions

Method & Calculations for Preparation of Chemical Solutions for Textile Processing [PART 2]

QUESTION #1 For dyeing 250gms of textile  material with 2% shade, how much amount of dye powder is required ? 2% shade means 2gms of dye powder for dyeing of 100gms of material, therefore, for...
Method & Calculations for Preparation of Chemical Solutions

Method & Calculations for Preparation of Chemical Solutions for Textile Processing [PART 1]

There are three types of solutions, 1. % (W/V) called as Percent Weight by Volume 2. % (W/W) called as Percent Weight by Weight 3. % (V/V) called as Percent Volume by Volume Where numerator stands for quantity of the...
Challenge and Charm of Textile Finishing

The Challenge and Charm of Chemical Finishing of Textiles

Chemical finishing can be defined as the use of chemicals to achieve a desired fabric property. Chemical finishing also referred to as 'Wet' finishing, includes processes that change the chemical composition...
Application methods of Chemical Finishes to Textiles

Application Methods of Chemical Finishes to Textiles

The actual method of finish application depends on the particular chemicals and fabrics involved and the machinery available. Chemicals that have strong affinities for fibre surfaces can be applied in batch...

Yarn Preparation: Yarn Preparatory Processes for Fabric Forming Systems

Yarns as manufactured and packaged are not actually suitable for direct use to form fabrics. The package size, build and other factors make it necessary to prepare it to be handled...
Calculation Basis for Chemicals used in Textile Processing

Calculation Basis for Chemicals used in Textile Processing

For any textile process we often need to calculate the amount of chemicals to be added in the process liquor and many a times we need to convert or dilute their...